When the Moscow-led Eurasian Economic Union was born in 2015, it promised to benefit millions of laborers who migrate between member states annually. The idea is to roll together the pension systems of the five Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) members – Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan. Currently, pensions are regulated by a 1992 agreement – the Guarantees of the Rights of Citizens of CIS Member States in the Field of Pension Security. This document insists that pensions are paid by the state where someone lives, regardless of one’s citizenship.
This report presents the results of field research in Brazil which aims to identify ways for migrants and refugees to secure employment and take advantage of market opportunities.
The basic economic model of labor supply has a very clear prediction of what should be expected when an adult receives an unexpected cash windfall: they should work less and earn less. This intuition underlies concerns that many types of cash transfers, ranging from government benefits to migrant remittances, will undermine work ethics and make recipients lazy.
The aim of this paper on the social assimilation of immigrants is to take a close look at migrants' social integration into the host country. The authors rely on the European Community Household panel (ECHP), which devotes a full module to the role and relevance of social relations for both migrants and natives. An innovative feature of this analysis is that it relies on migrants perceptions about their integration rather than - as is typically the case in most opinion surveys - on natives attitudes toward migrants.