Warnings from new analysis by UNICEF and Save the Children, show economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic could push up to 86 million more children into household poverty by the end of 2020, an increase of 15 per cent.
Social protection response to the COVID-19 pandemic
Social protection measures have become a critical component of countries’ responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, enabling access to affordable health care and helping to address some of the immediate and longer-term social and economic implications of the pandemic. Interventions such as establishing, or scalingup, cash transfer programmes can improve access to health services and protect individuals and households from the adverse social and economic repercussions of the crisis.
The state is ultimately responsible for decisions made on social protection policy options and making sure that the progressive realisation of the right to social protection for all is achieved. But, how can this be done in practical terms?
Senior Social Protection Specialist Alexandra Barrantes delves into the importance of a human rights-based approach to Social Protection, framing social protection debates and policy decisions around entitlements rather than charity or handouts.
Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programmes are social protection programmes designed to address vulnerability, poverty and human capital development in many developing countries. However, the effects of CCTs on poverty reduction and human capital development vary across regions and countries.
This paper updates the Social Risk Management (SRM) conceptual framework; the foundation of the World Bank’s first Social Protection Sector Strategy. SRM 2.0 addresses the increasingly risky and uncertain world; with opportunities and outcomes driven by possible disruptions from technology, markets, climate change, etc. SRM 2.0 is a spatial assets and livelihoods approach to household well-being featuring a risk chain covering all households across the lifecycle and for both positive and negative events. Key findings: Location and context are critical for household choice
Namibia is an upper middle-income country with one of the most comprehensive social protection systems in Africa. It provides cash transfers and complementary social assistance to a range of vulnerable groups including children, the elderly and people with disabilities, at a cost equivalent to 4.5% of GDP in 2016/17. Public-sector workers are well covered by social insurance, although there are gaps in provision for the private sector.
Viet Nam has made significant progress in expanding social insurance coverage in recent years. However, coverage amongst small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remains very low and very few workers in this sector are expected to receive a pension in retirement. Drawing on two datasets for SMEs in Viet Nam, this paper seeks to explain this phenomenon by examining the characteristics of enterprises that are enrolled and those that opt out, and it identifies possible barriers to enrolment, such as high contribution rates.