The social assistance and subjective well-being literature frequently shows “stigma” and “disempowerment” effects accompanying government transfers. These studies posit that the bureaucratic processes of government income assistance programs generate feelings of shame among recipients and adversely impacts their selfassessed well-being; or that being the “passive recipient” of state assistance undermines an individual’s sense of empowerment. We examine whether this theory holds under conditions of extreme instability and conflict.
This paper estimates urban and rural poverty rates across five Chinese administrative regions (Shanghai, Liaoning, Guangdong, Henan and Gansu) in 2014 using representative household level data from the China Family Panel Studies survey. The types of government transfer payments that households in poverty received and the ability for such payments to lift households from poverty are also assessed. Consistent with official estimates, the results highlight substantial disparities in poverty rates between administrative regions.
It is widely recognised that the poor lack adequate capacity to participate meaningfully in the mainstream economy. This is particularly true for the poorest of the poor among the poor. As a matter of fact, significant constraints that impede the ability of the poor to take advantage of the opportunities offered by the mainstream economy also severely limit their ability to escape the clutches of poverty. As is known, in the recent past, successive governments in Bangladesh has put poverty alleviation at the core of their development efforts.