This brief explores the Asian Development Bank's (ADB) Technical Assistance (TA) Social Protection Sector Development Program in Indonesia, which aimed at supporting government efforts in alleviating the socioeconomic distress caused by the 1997 Asian economic crisis, while launching sector reforms to strengthen social services delivery.
There is considerable global evidence on the effectiveness of cash transfers in improving health and nutrition outcomes; however, the evidence from South Asia, particularly India, is limited. In the context of India where more than a third of children are undernourished, and where there is considerable under-utilization of health and nutrition interventions, it is opportune to investigate the impact of cash transfer programs on the use of interventions.
Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT) have been regarded worldwide as the latest ‘silver bullet’ to fight poverty and inequality.This reputation is largely based on the positive evaluations of the Latin American experiences, such as Progresa in Mexico, Bolsa Escola and Bolsa Alimentacao in Brazil (now unified into Bolsa Familia), and Familias en Accion in Colombia. Defenders of such programmes emphasize that their virtues consist in attacking both long- and short-term poverty and inequality.