Parental leave

“Gender-neutral, job-protected leaves from employment which usually follow maternity leaves and permit either men or women to take advantage of the policy and share the leave or choose which of them will use it. If there is no specified maternity leave, a portion of these leaves is usually reserved for women, to ensure a period of physical convalescence and recovery after childbirth. Recently, in some countries, some portion of the parental leave is reserved for fathers, on a "use it or lose it...

Paternity benefits

“Maternity protection offers numerous benefits. It contributes to the health and well-being of mothers and their babies and thus to the achievement of major development goals (…) By safeguarding women’s employment and income security during and after maternity, maternity protection also promotes and achieves effective gender equality at work. (…) An increasing number of countries are also implementing measures to support both mothers’ and fathers’ care responsibilities, such as paternity,...

Piggybacking

A social protection programme’s administrative systems can be used by humanitarian (or other) actors to deliver assistance, but the response programme itself is managed separately from the social protection programme. For example, this could be when a humanitarian response uses a specific programme’s beneficiary list, a country’s national registries or programme databases of households underpinning social protection programmes, a social assistance programme’s particular payment mechanism, or...

Pilot Project

A pilot project is “a small-scale project undertaken in an effort to determine whether a larger-scale project should be undertaken at a later date.” Source: Barrientos, A. et al (2010). ‘Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database’, Chronic Poverty Research Centre

Political Economy

“The term political economy is subject to multiple understandings. Its origin can be found in the work of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations, of David Ricardo and Karl Marx. In this body of work, the term referred to the conditions of production organization in nation-states or what today is understood as ‘economics’. Today, the term is defined as analysis that studies the linkages between politics and economics, drawing on theories of economics, law as well as political and social sciences”...

Poverty line

"An income level that is considered minimally sufficient to sustain a family in terms of food, housing, clothing, medical needs, and so on." Source: Jae K. Shim, Joel G. Siegel (1995). Dictionary of Economics. Business Dictionary Series. New York, John Wiley & Sons

Primary Health care

"The ultimate goal of primary health care is better health for all. WHO has identified five key elements to achieving that goal: reducing exclusion and social disparities in health (universal coverage reforms); organizing health services around people's needs and expectations (service delivery reforms); integrating health into all sectors (public policy reforms); pursuing collaborative models of policy dialogue (leadership reforms); and increasing stakeholder participation." Source: WHO 2017. ‘...

Private Health Insurance

“Under private health insurance schemes buyers voluntarily purchase insurance from private, independent, competing sellers who charge premiums that reflect the buyer’s risks rather than their ability to pay. Private insurers can be both for profit and not for profit. These insurance purchases can be made by groups and individuals.” Source: World Bank (n.d.) ‘Private Health Insurance’

Productive Inclusion

"Productive inclusion actions focus on families living in either urban or rural areas. The design and implementation of public policies are therefore tailored to address these two different environments. In urban areas, measures for inserting workers in the world of work involve boosting entrepreneurship and encouraging people to seek formal employment and/or occupations based on self-managing cooperatives or groups. Official incentives include offering vocational training courses and...

Programme Design

“The design of a social transfer programme requires decisions on management, payment arrangements, exit policies and the foundation for monitoring and evaluation. In addition, the question of targeting is a major design issue (…) Management decisions involve identifying the agency, ministry or department responsible for the administration of the programme, as well as making arrangements to organise and supervise implementation.” Source: Samson, M. et al (2010). Designing and Implementing Social...