SpaN (2019) Case Study: Ethiopia

The need to strengthen the Social Protection System has become a national priority, and it is considered as an effective instrument to reduce poverty, promote development, and increase resilience to shocks. Moreover, social protection is conceived more and more as intrinsically linked to disaster response, playing the role of a ‘bridge’ between humanitarian assistance and development processes. Social transfers -both cash and in-kind- and public work programmes have been at the core of the social protection system of Ethiopia in the last 15 years, with special regard to the flagship Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). Thanks to its longstanding effort to replace emergency assistance in chronically food-insecure areas with a predictable and sustainable development programme, PSNP is well suited to foster the nexus, also placing Ethiopia at the forefront of transitioning from humanitarian assistance to social protection (OECD, 2018).