A brief history of Zambia’s Social Cash Transfer Programme

Zambia is a lower-middle-income nation in Southern Africa, with a population estimated at 15.5 million people in 2015. Over half (58.2 per cent) of its population is located in rural areas, often at low density and following sparse patterns of territorial occupation that accentuate challenges related to access to public services and markets. In terms of food consumption, 54.4 per cent of the country is living below the poverty line, with 13.6 per cent living below the extreme poverty line (CSO 2015). The country’s flagship government-run social protection programme established to tackle this problem is the Social Cash Transfer (SCT), an unconditioned cash transfer programme".